The fabled mountains of the moon as described by Ptolemy in 150AD present the most exciting treasure that a visitor on a Uganda Safari would live to remember in his journey memoir. Gazetted as a national park in 1991 covering an area of about 996 Sq.km, received a designation status by UNESCO as World Heritage Site in 1994 because of its outstanding natural beauty with Margarita peak standing over 5,109m above sea level and without forgetting its coverage by snow throughout the year despite its closeness to the world latitude (Equator) makes it an attraction worth of encountering. Being a mountain range, it was once described as one of the challenging mountains to climb in the Africa travel magazine.
The glaciers like Nyamwamba add spice to its scenic view and the park status assures the wild life of their safety making it their closest habitat. The park shelters 70 mammal species, 217 bird species including 19 Albertine Rift endemics as well as some of the world’s rarest vegetation that differ in its five zones including; montane forest zone, bamboo forest zone, tree heath vegetation zone and Afro-alpine moorland zone.
With the area extension of 99,600 ha, of which 70% surpasses an altitude of 2,500 m, the Rwenzori Mountains embrace an exceptionally sheer and craggy range that form three peaks; Albert (5.101 m), Alexandra (5.083 m) and Africa’s third highest peak, Margherita (5,109 m). Geologically, the Rwenzori is shaped by prehistoric Precambrian rocks that were gathered during rift valley formation in the adjacent plains. Bakonjo and Bamba people are the indigenous settlers of areas around Mount Rwenzori who are primarily farmers and have gradually developed various techniques to survive in this ecosystem – the notable one being their form of lifting things like water and firewood from the lower levels to the higher slopes of the mountain.